- TERRACE GARDEN

NATIVE “FAUNA” IN BIODIVERSITY GARDENS

 

For wildlife, gardens can be a very significant resource.

They provide food, shelter, and breeding grounds for a variety of animals, which adds to a garden’s interest and enjoyment. There are only a few insect species that are garden pests; the remainder are beneficial as pollinators, predators, or parasites of pest species, and the majority feed on dead or living plant material without harming gardens. Attract wildlife to your yard. Increasing biodiversity in your garden doesn’t have to be difficult or time-consuming, and it doesn’t have to compromise the aesthetics of your space. Here are a few simple modifications you can make to the way you manage your garden that will have a big impact on the animals who live there. Selecting the Best Flowers Flowers supply pollen and nectar for bees, butterflies, and other pollinating insects that are essential for seed and fruit production; without them, seed and fruit production would plummet.
Choose plants that produce pollen and nectar for as long as feasible during the growing season.
Plant a variety of trees and shrubs.
To offer food and shelter, plant a variety of trees, shrubs, and climbers, or a varied hedge. Larger plants, particularly trees, support more wildlife, according to the biodiversity found in our urban gardens, which is somewhat unsurprising. They provide protection and nesting areas for garden creatures, from insects to bigger species like birds, in addition to supplying food in the form of flowers, fruits, and seeds.

If your garden is too small for giant trees, consider planting some in the neighbourhood and protecting those that are already there – large street trees provide critical habitat for a variety of creatures that may forage in surrounding gardens. Dig a pond if possible, but a container of water will suffice. Installing a pond, no matter how little – a huge pot or even an inverted dustbin lid in an out-of-the-way area will suffice – is the simplest method to add animal value to a garden.

 

Ideally, don’t put fish in a pond that’s primarily for animals (they’ll devour anything that moves), and if you can resist the urge, let water plants colonise naturally. Ensure that ponds have at least one slope side to allow animals to easily exit. Most animals, including amphibians like newts and frogs, prefer shallower water than is commonly believed. Place a stack of dead wood in a shady area. Decaying wood provides an increasingly scarce environment for a variety of specialist fauna that is becoming increasingly rare in the countryside, such as stag and bark beetles and their grubs, as well as numerous fungal species. It also serves as a hideaway and a place to hibernate. Any untreated or unpainted wood will suffice, though large, natural logs, ideally partially buried, are preferred. Although many people prefer to tuck log piles out of sight, they can look rather architectural and rustic. Compost Composting your garden waste benefits all of your garden plants and wildlife by speeding up natural nutrient recycling by utilising native decomposer organisms, including fungi and soil bacteria. What is the point of composting?

Compost creates healthy soil, which is beneficial to everything that lives and grows in it.

It’s a fantastic mulch.

It’s both free and simple to make.

Many little species (as well as some larger ones, such as slug-loving slow worms and grass snakes) benefit from the heat emitted by decomposition.

Throughout the year, provide food and water for birds.

Garden birds are among the most visible wildlife in the garden, and they’re easy to attract with additional feeding. Supplementary food can make the difference between life and death for many people during the winter, especially when the weather is unusually harsh.

To supplement natural foods like berries and seed heads, feed a mix of food including peanuts, sunflower hearts, seeds, kitchen scraps, or proprietary seed blends. Don’t forget that clean, unfrozen water is just as important for feathered guests – and make sure cats can’t get to the feeding tables. Don’t be overly neat. This doesn’t mean your yard needs to be a shambles, but mounds of leaves and twigs provide food and habitat for a variety of animals. Perennials with hollow stems can provide a safe haven for hibernating insects if left uncut during the winter. Stone piles also provide excellent habitat for hibernating reptiles and amphibians. Disperse wildflower seeds. Meadows are basically grasses and wildflowers mixed together. Re-creating them in the garden might assist in the restoration of the balance. They attract insects, need little maintenance, and provide a more natural alternative to a labor-intensive grass. They require somewhat poor soil since wildflowers can compete with grasses. Construct a Rock Garden Plants and animals that are evolved to survive in locations with weak, thin soils thrive on steeply sloping land, cliffs, and rocky areas. Rock gardens and gravel beds are their garden equivalents; when properly planted, they require little irrigation and attract specialist animals such as bees, which are crucial pollinators.