Fact Sheet on Marcellus Shale from U.S. Geological Survey NRCS EMPIRE STATE - The Marcellus Shale is a sedimentary rock formation deposited over 350 million years ago in a shallow inland sea located in the eastern United States where the present-day Appalachian Mountains now st
Fact Sheet on Marcellus Shale from U.S. Geological Survey
The Marcellus Shale is a sedimentary rock formation deposited over 350 million years ago in a shallow inland sea located in the eastern United States where the present-day Appalachian Mountains now stand. This shale contains significant quantities of natural gas. New developments in drilling technology, along with higher well head prices, have made the Marcellus Shale an important natural gas resource.
Photo Caption: Marcellus Shale drill core from West Virginia, 3.5 inches in diameter, containing a calcite-filled vertical natural fracture.
The Marcellus Shale extends from southern New York across Pennsylvania, and into western Maryland, West Virginia, and eastern Ohio. The production of commercial quantities of gas from this shale requires large volumes of water to drill and hydraulically fracture the rock. This water must be recovered from the well and disposed of before the gas can flow. Concerns about the availability of water supplies needed for gas production, and questions about wastewater disposal have been raised by water-resource agencies and citizens throughout the Marcellus Shale gas development region. This Fact Sheet explains the basics of Marcellus Shale gas production, with the intent of helping the reader better understand the framework of the water-resource questions and concerns. View the full factsheet online at: http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2009/3032/pdf/FS2009-3032.pdf.
USDA Provides Update on Seasonal High Tunnel Pilot
Agriculture Deputy Secretary Kathleen Merrigan today announced that more than 2,400 seasonal high tunnels are being constructed by farmers in 43 states through a pilot project initiated by USDA in fiscal year (FY) 2010. To view video of how these NRCS-funded projects are helping farmers extend the growing season, diversify production, conserve water, and reduce inputs, go to http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c288LyqQf_w.
“By capturing solar energy, seasonal high tunnels create favorable conditions enabling farmers to grow vegetables, berries and other specialty crops in climates and at times of the year in which it would otherwise be impossible,” Merrigan said. “Farmers who sell their high tunnel produce locally benefit from the extra income, and the community benefits from the availability of fresh, locally grown food.”
The pilot is offered under the Know your Farmer, Know your Food initiative, a USDA effort to connect farmers and consumers, strengthen local and regional food production, increase the use of sustainable agricultural practices, and promote consumption of fresh, local food. In 2010, NRCS provided $13 million to landowners through its conservation programs to install high tunnels, and additional funding is available in FY 2011. At the end of the pilot, NRCS will assess the conservation impact of seasonal high tunnels
Upcoming Federal Program Sign-up Deadline Dates for 2011 Funding
Details about each sign-up are available on the news home page at http://www.ny.nrcs.usda.gov/news/. Details about the individual USDA programs available in New York are located online at http://www.ny.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/.
January 14, 2011
Great Lakes Floodplains Easements (GLRI)
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP)
Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative (CBWI)
Agricultural Management Assistance Program (AMA)
Wildlife Habitat Incentives Program (WHIP)
January 21, 2011
Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)